PSROTA Fact Sheets

Vitamins and Minerals in Recovery

Vitamins and minerals, or micronutrients, are essential for healthy development, disease prevention, metabolism, and overall well-being, particularly during recovery from substance use. Unlike macronutrients, which provide energy, micronutrients are needed in smaller amounts from various foods to support critical body functions, similar to how oil and transmission fluid help a car run smoothly. Micronutrients are crucial for organ system stability, bone health, and mental health, with deficiencies linked to issues like depression, poor attention span, and sleep difficulties. Key micronutrients for mental health include iron, folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12, which are involved in producing serotonin and dopamine.